Researchers: University of Toronto and First Nations Steering Committee.
Purpose: to assess knowledge, attitudes and behaviour re. HIV among Ontario First Nations.
Method: random selection of equal numbers of men and women, four age groups; face to face interviews plus answer booklet for sensitive questions; interviewers were from the communities studied, trained for the study, native language used.
Results: high rate of risky behaviours. Importance of culturally sensitive methodology.
Gay and Bisexual Men
Researchers: three Canadian universities plus Canadian AIDS Society.
Purpose: assess knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of gay and bisexual men in order to design strategies to prevent HIV/AIDS.
Method: addressed to men in general without specifying gay or bi (some men are either but self-label as heterosexual). Questionnaires to over 4000 men in large and small communities across the country, using venues such as gay bars and dances and bath houses. 86% response rate. Age range 16 to 75, all income levels, mostly high educational level..
Results: although there have been improvements, one quarter still reported unprotected anal intercourse; regional differences, smaller communities more risky sex
Caveat: because of the venues, not generalizable to all gay or bi men.